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The Library of Things We Forgot to Remember, photographed for Common, curated by Khanya Mashabela, 6 May – 26 July 2023. Image courtesy of A4 Arts Foundation.
Title Angola 72 Date 1974 (republished 2018) Authors Bonga Type Vinyl record

Bonga (José Adelino Barceló de Carvalho) is a folk singer born in Kipiri, Angola in 1942. His music references elements of Portuguese folk sounds, semba, and kizomba music. His lyrics have been strongly political, initially supporting the independence of Angola and then critiquing the post-independence Angolan government's corruption. His political messaging resulted in his exile from Angola and Portugal in the early 1970s.

At the age of 23, Bonga went to Portugal as a successful track and field athlete. In 1972, he dropped athletics to focus on a music career. His music quickly became popular in Portugal and the Portuguese colonies. He used his renown as an athlete to move between Angola and Europe, delivering messages between exiled African freedom fighters and those still fighting in Angola, using the name Bonga Kuenda. He was forced into exile in Rotterdam in 1972, where he recorded his first record, Angola 72. The Angolan government also put out a warrant for his arrest.

He moved between Germany, Belgium and France until Angola's independence from Portugal in 1975, and the resulting Carnation Revolution in Portugal, after which he settled in Lisbon. He has recorded over thirty albums, with the most recent being released in 2022.